Jul 312014

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is once again in the eye of a political storm of nuclear proportions. More than a year ago the IAEA’s Board of Governors, under immense pressure from the United States, adopted a resolution “reporting” the case of Iran’s alleged but not proven non-compliance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty to the United Nations Security Council.  The United States had tired of the IAEA’s meticulous inspection and verification process, according to which only states proven to have “diverted” fissile materials from a peaceful nuclear programme to non-peaceful purposes may be “referred” to the Security Council.  Although the IAEA had real concerns about the transparency of aspects of Iran’s nuclear program, it had found no convincing evidence of “diversion”.  Because this was frustrating US attempts to build a political case against Iran, the US decided to circumvent the IAEA by taking the Iran question to the Security Council.  An IAEA resolution was crafted violating the IAEA’s own statute by “reporting” Iran to the Security Council, although the IAEA’s position on the question of diversion was and is unchanged.  The US wanted to marginalise the IAEA, and to politicise its mandate.
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